War & Peace Studies

Center for War & Peace Studies

The Center for War & Peace Studies seeks to create an alliance of nations who can work together productively, jointly implementing measures to promote prosperity, sustain the environment, protect human rights, and maintain peace across nations.

Center For War & Peace Studies

Center For War & Peace Studies

The Center for War & Peace Studies aims to create the necessary channels so that this federation, receiving support from people all over the world, can achieve universal patronage to ensure effective governance across the world.

The Center for War & Peace Studies or the CWPS aims to establish universal collaboration and mutual aid in order to eliminate war and unnecessary human suffering.  The CWPS was initially established to render the United Nations more representative and more effective as an organization working for effective international governance.  It recognizes that while there are issues better managed independently by the individual nation states, there are many issues the warrant universal management and global solutions.  These issues include nuclear disarmament, sustainable development, and conflict resolution between countries.

The United States is a result of the different states forming themselves into one body to better address issues that needed solutions formulated and accepted across the states.  In a similar manner, challenges that affect all nations call for solutions that only a strong coalition of nations can provide.  As the environment changes, peoples and cultures likewise need to evolve if progress is to be achieved.  The massive global decline, particularly in the areas of economy, climate, and world security, makes it essential for nations to coalesce to find the solutions to ensure their survival.

The Center for War & Peace Studies sees it as their mission to help facilitate this by providing the channels of dialogue, analysis, and study. It calls for international commitment to a cohesive and united effort in overcoming the crises that threaten this century.

The CWPS has worked for more than forty years now at advocating reforms to make the United Nations a more effective organization. Myron Kronisch, Ambassador at large of the CWPS, along with his co-members in the Board of Directors, continues to promote the importance of the General Assembly using weighted voting to decide actions to be taken.  The Security Council needs to include 12 seats – 4 single-state regions and 8 multi-state regions. All of the 193 member-states will be represented, directly or indirectly, on the Security Council.  The veto will be eliminated gradually over five years. The CWPS continues with its campaign for reforms in the United Nations, working for the support of member states to accomplish constructive change.<P>

United States Institute for Peace Online Courses

Online Courses From the United States Institute for Peace

Civil Resistance and the Dynamics of Nonviolent Movements

This course is a multidisciplinary exploration of civilian-backed movements and campaigns that fight for justice and civil rights. Taught by Daryn Cambridge, Maria Stephan and Althea Middleton-Detzner, the course is free for a limited period of time.

Civilian-based movements have been rising around the world in response to deep-rooted social and political problems. Citizens are organizing and joining movements and activities that fight corruption, unaccountable governance, discrimination, environmental problems, tyranny, foreign occupation and terrorism. Despite the absence of guns and explosives, peaceful protests, sit-ins, boycotts and other similar tactics are becoming a force to reckon with, especially when leveraged with political and traditional means.

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USIP

 

Conflict Analysis

The United States Institute for Peace uses case-based scenarios in this introductory course to conflict analysis.

Good conflict management process requires sound conflict analysis, from prevention to reconciliation. Effective intervention programs require an understanding of the nature and nuances of conflict and its context. Conflict analysis is also the key to developing good prevention and mitigation strategy, enabling decision makers to identify core priorities and understand the possible outcomes of their actions and policy.

 

Demystifying Monitoring and Evaluation for Practitioners

Due to the shortage of key resources, gathering evidence is becoming an indispensable part of peacebuilding. The United States Institute for Peace developed this course to shed light on the practice of monitoring and evaluation. The course will cover useful tools that peacebuilders can deploy in conflict-afflicted zones.

The need for evidence has never been this critical for peacebuilding. The process of establishing evidence-based work with efficacy that can be proven objectively is such a common challenge faced by growing professions like peacebuilding. This requires hypothesizing, adapting old ideas to modern challenges and experimenting with new ones. Through effective monitoring and evaluation, the cost-effectiveness of peacebuilding as a conflict resolution and prevention tool can be proven and measured.

Through this scenario-based course, the United States Institute for Peace seeks to equip students with better understanding of monitoring and evaluation so they can effectively manage projects that can be evaluated more easily. This helps minimize risks to stakeholders, allows participants to maximize the performance of projects and prevents resource misappropriation.

 

Strategic Peacebuilding

This United States Institute for Peace course aims to enable students to develop comprehensive and strategic peacebuilding approaches. Peacebuilding is taught from cross-disciplinary perspectives to emphasize the central concepts and practices used by scholars, decision makers and peacebuilders to end war and injustices. The course draws from multiple disciplines like psychology, sociology, political science, economics, international relations, anthropology and religion.

Peace Studies at Gustavus Adolphus College

Gustavus Adolphus College Peace Studies

What exactly is the definition of peace? As a potential Peace Studies student, it is important to understand that peace is not just tantamount to the absence of war. This is known as negative peace. Its definition is so much more than that. Peace means that there are certain conditions that need to be present in order to ensure that peace and justice are sustainable in a specific area. For instance, clean food and water, education for women and children alike, protection from harm, and all basic human rights need to be available.

Gustavus Adolphus College Peace Studies

Gustavus Adolphus College Peace Studies

Peace studies is not a very common college course that many choose to take on, but there is no doubt that its popularity is growing steadily. Peace studies involves several disciplines in the academic field that run the gamut from political science, philosophy, history, psychology, sociology, theology, anthropology and more. Overall, peace studies aims to help students to use the aforementioned branches of study in order to: 1) come to a clear understanding of the reasons why armed conflict occurs around the world; 2) formulate solutions that are geared towards preventing war, resolving conflict, ending genocide, eliminating terrorism, minimizing human rights violations; and 3) building systems and societies where peace and justice flourish.

The history of Peace Studies goes all the way back to the 1950s and 1960s. In Europe, peace research institutes had begun to be established. These include some of the most renowned peace research institutions at present. Some examples include the Department of Peace and Conflict Research in Sweden as well as the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Gustavus Adolphus College Peace Studies

Gustavus Adolphus College Peace Studies

In the United States, historic peace churches were the first to establish colleges that offered courses centered on peace studies. This number ballooned when the Vietnam War ended and nuclear arms began to accumulate. In this day and age, there are around 400 colleges and universities that offer peace studies programs. Despite this small number, there are a plethora of books and journals available on the subject. There is an abundant number of scholars as well and an established curriculum.

Of course, last but not least, the mission of Gustavus Adolphus College is in line with the goal of this program in a number of aspects. One, it involves multiple disciplines in its study and it also takes on an international vantage point in the process. Secondly, it underlines the importance of developing one’s values as one seeks to grow on an intellectual scale, and finally, it motivates students to pour their efforts and energies into creating a world where peace and justice rule and reign.

Gustavus Adolphus College is additionally involved in a related effort which embodies its mission for peace. This is their annual Nobel Conference.

Here is a video of just one meaningful presentation for one inspired by the awe of the universe.

Justice and Peace Studies at St. Thomas

Justice and Peace Studies at St. Thomas University

There is much injustice and violence in the world.  But does anyone do anything about it? Just like with issues of climate change, conflicts between different religions, and racial discrimination, there seems to be no solution on the horizon.

Hope beckons though.  The University of St. Thomas has the Justice and Peace Studies department to make students aware that they can do something about social conflict, poverty, and injustice and that they should get involved and make a difference.

Justice and Peace Studies has its firm foundation in Catholic social instruction and in respect for other world convictions and faiths.  It endeavors to provide its students a deeper awareness and concern for the vulnerable and the poor section of society – this knowledge prompting them toward purposive action for advancing the cause of the common good.4816366090_ca82f7ee27

The Justice and Peace Studies department seeks to shape students by using what they call the “Circle of Praxis.” It provides its students a wealth of knowledge and information, empowering them with the tools necessary to look into factors like culture, wealth, and power and understand the roles that each plays in creating conditions of injustice and violence.

The university is engaged in the mission of educating leaders who are morally responsible. As such, it fosters conditions so that their students can mature into individuals with a deep understanding and appreciation of the great spectrum of worldviews which exist and seriously consider how these can be harnessed to achieve universal justice and peace.

Aside from giving an intellectual and analytical framework, however, the department focuses on providing the students the opportunity for engaged learning. The department facilitates the students’ involvement in real-life situations of social conflict, poverty, and injustice. It encourages out-of-classroom learning by having students work together on projects within the school as well as with the community by making them ally with different community organizations. Students are also encouraged to broaden their exposure by getting double majors and international studies or joining immersion programs.

The Justice and Peace Studies department makes students aware that it is not enough to acquire knowledge and fresh perspectives.  What is essential is the action that grows from such awareness. Students are encouraged to look into what exactly they can DO to effect social change.  They are made to go through internships so they have the opportunity to make some of these action plans a reality.

Justice and Peace Studies make students question the current situation of lack of peace and justice in the world.  They are encouraged to envision a new world and made aware that this vision can become a reality only if they develop a strong commitment to do something about it. Log on to http://www.stthomas.edu/justpeace/ for more information.

What are Peace Studies?

Peace Studies: An Academic Discipline

Peace Studies is an academic field that combines many academic disciplines or schools of thought including philosophy, psychology, theology, anthropology, history, sociology, and political science among others. It aims to equip its students with the foundation necessary for understanding the roots of armed conflict, developing the means for the prevention and resolution of human rights violation, terrorism, genocide, and war, and building just and peaceful structures and societies.

Peace Studies finds its roots in the middle 1900’s in Europe when many peace research institutions were established.  Among the first and most highly-respected institutions of this kind are the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the Uppsala University’s Department of Peace and Conflict Research in Sweden, and the Peace Research Institute of Oslo.

In the United States, the colleges associated with the notable peace churches of the Church of the Brethren, Mennonite, and Quaker were among the first ones to include peace studies in their curriculum. The period following the Vietnam War and the significant build-up of nuclear arms in the 1980’s saw a substantial increase in the academic courses in peace studies.

Today, there are an estimated 400 universities and colleges across the world offering peace studies programs of one type or the other.  Some, like the Kroc Institute, offer advanced academic degree programs in peace studies in graduate school.  The Kroc Institute was established in 1986 to provide direction and leadership in the field of peace studies.  Today, peace studies is a widely accepted field of study that many organizations draw upon. Such organizations include the United Nations, the military, government, civil society groups, humanitarian agencies, and foreign ministries.

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This academic field has been around for more than five decades now.  It already has a set curriculum, a noteworthy base of students and professors, and a literature of note including journals and books.  Its traditional method and practice of teaching goes beyond the classroom to include international studies, internships, and experiential learning.

This academic discipline seeks to enlighten individuals about many current issues including terrorism, religious conflict, ethnic violence, civil war, the nuclear arms race, and genocide.  It covers a broad spectrum of essential issues affecting nations across the world including human rights, social change, justice, violence, conflict, and peace. It is remarkable to note that the concept of peace in this particular academic field is not limited to the absence of war.  Peace refers to man being able to live in conditions of sustainable and just peace, such conditions comprising the availability of food and water, education, security from physical violence, and other human rights.

There are many careers open to graduates of this field.  They can become mediators, activists, businessmen, government officials, negotiators, educators, and researchers.  They can work in the many organizations established to achieve conflict resolution, protect the environment, and fight for human rights.  They can work on jobs requiring a firm grasp of economics, human growth and development, and international law.

Peace from the Family Unit Up!

Family-Society’s Pivotal Unit

“Men in Charge? Gender Equality and Children’s Rights in Contemporary Families.”

Along with over 70 participants coming from the diplomatic community, NGO leaders, and Ambassadors of Peace, the UPF-DC and  The Washington Times Foundation successfuly celebrated the 2015 United Nations International Day of Families, June 4, Washington D.C, U.S.A

After a  sumptuous lunch, Mrs. Tomiko Duggan, UPF-DC Office’s Director of Public Affairs greeted the guests and elaborated details about the Internatioanl Day of the Families, she also gave people a glimpse of the organization’s view: “The Family as a pivotal unit in the society.” She then introduced the Master of the Ceremony who was also the Vice-President of the Washington Times Foundation and the event’s co-sponsor, Mr. Larry Moffit.

H.E. Dr. Neil Parsan is the Ambassador of Trinidad and Tobago to Mexico,and the U.S. He talked first and spoke about how Gender Equality helps in acheiving solace in the state and how the government should move in the same pace as the family. He tackled the matter of developing both the mother and father of the family in order to cater to broader needs of the family.

Dr. Neil Parsan

Dr. Neil Parsan

Next was H.E. Farhod Salim, ambassador of the Republic of Tajikistan to the United States. He spoke about the power of women in catalyzing the progress of the country and how the government should help in removing gender dicscrimination. Their government also took a number of effective ways in supporting the women in the society, he added,

Third was  Mrs. Phindile Ntshangase, wife of the Kingdom of Swaziland’s Ambassador to the U.S. She spoke about the monumental role a mother plays in the family. She also stated that the Laws that promote Discrimination of Women and the Children have no spot to fill in the family and the community. Her final words were for the Mothers, praising them for being the tree of wisdom in the family.

Mr. Ricardo de Sena UPF-USA’s secretary general was the last speaker. His speech was centered around the sacredness of marriage and how God as the center of marriage promotes lasting harmony. He also spoke of different words from varying religions that supports the family.

At the end of the event, H.E. Dr. Neil Parsan, H.E. Abednigo Ntshangase, Mrs. Hind Al Qatari, wife of the defense attaché of the Embassy of Qatar to the U.S. Mrs. Mie-Mie Joe Strickler, President of the Amer-Indo organization were appointed Ambassadors of Peace by Dr. Chang Shik Yang, President of the Washington Times Foundation.

 

For a take on a slap stick theatrical approach to peace in the world see this review.

 

The Universal Peace Federation

A Peaceful Toast For The Universal Peace Federation

In celebration of the United Nations International Day of Families 2015, the Universal peace federation, along with the Washington Times, played host to the event held last June 4 at the Washington Times office. More than 70 leaders and members covering the non-governmental sector, the diplomatic corps, and friends of the UPF attended the event.

Invited speakers focused on the importance of the family in line with the theme of the celebration this year, which was “Men In Charge? Gender Equality and Children’s Rights in Contemporary Families”. Mrs. Tomiko Duggan, the Universal peace federation international office public affairs director, emphasized this when she noted that as a global organization, the UPF firmly believes that the family is the most important societal unit.

For his part, Dr. Neil Parsan, Trinidad and Tobago ambassador to Mexico, the United States, and the OAS or the Organization of American States, initially thanked the UPF for promoting global peace by sponsoring the event and for its continuing work on helping to strengthen family bonds.

A doctor by profession, Ambassador Parsan noted that the present family structure is undergoing major changes. For example, getting to nurture children is no longer an exclusive duty of the mothers. In New York, the ambassador spoke of training programs being offered to fathers who might be interested in learning proper care giving. The program has gained wide acceptance and is currently expanding to several states.

In this regard, Ambassador Parsan stressed that while genuine gender equality needs to be pushed, it does not necessarily mean a complete switch of the traditional roles of men and women in the family. Instead, support should be extended based on what every unique family actually needs.

Another speaker, Farhod Salim, Tajikistan Ambassador to the US, said that while his country is technically young, its rich culture has high respects for the family as ths is considered sacred. Personally, he believes that the family is the source of happiness.

Presently, Ambassador Salim revealed that his government is taking several measures aimed at improving the status of women. This has resulted in more women assuming leadership positions in both the local and national levels.

Meanwhile, Mrs. Phindile Ntshangase, wife of the Kingdom of Swaziland Ambassador to the US, spoke about the plight of many African women. In her speech, Mrs Ntshangase condemned reports about young African women being brought to local sex camps where they are being taught  to become sex experts in preparation for marriage.

On the other hand, Universal peace federation secretary-general Ricardo de la Serna, observed that the family is a sacred institution in practically all religions. This makes the family holy, and that the ultimate plan of the Almighty is for man to live in happiness in a God-centered family.

He ended his speech with an invitation for people to share in the basic belief of the Universal peace federation that educating the family will help shape the destiny of a country.

universal peace federation Podium

First Two Messengers for Peace Posted

We Salute Ambassadors for Peace, Charlize Theron and Stevie Wonder

We have begun our planned listing of Ambassadors for Peace by recognizing two United Nations recognized Messengers for Peace.

We will follow up with more as time goes on.

Our first is Stevie Wonder, followed by Charlize Theron.

Ambassador for Peace

An Ambassador for Peace

The United Nations has two major programs used to recognize people and to engage them in the work of promoting peace as well as UN endeavors in the world.  The Messengers of Peace are appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations.  Messengers are selected from outstanding individuals in the public eye who have excelled not only excelled in their fields but have demonstrated a personal commitment to working toward peace in one manner or another.

This designation is considered to be the highest honor available to an individual and involves a two year period of active support through personal appearances and other activities in support of the United Nations programs.

Charlize Theron Ambassador For Peace

Messenger for Peace Charlize Theron

While we appreciate these celebrities, we also feel it is important to recognize every day people and businesses as well.

As time goes on, we will turn our attention to local champions, who may never gain mass publicity, but who work in their own simple ways to make the world a better place.

And today and from time to time, we will also share as we are able musical celebrations of Peace.

Working for Peace from the Grass Roots Up

By way of introduction.

I am a Viet Nam Veteran, having served in the US Navy.

My DD 214 shows two tours and combat duty, but I had it easy compared to compatriots and friends.

Today I take solace in the phrase, “Some Gave All, All Gave Some.”

I gave some.

I had a great time while in the Navy, and hated every moment of it.

While overseas, I made a personal pledge that upon returning home I would work for Peace from the Grassroots up.

Over the course of my life, that has taken a variety of forms.

This is now a new venture. To celebrate peace and those who are working toward peace in the world.

My intent is to celebrate others. Those who have taken an active role as spokespersons and leaders on the international stage and also those who support those efforts locally here in the Upper Midwest.

We will seek sponsors from the local business community and hope to honor those who have taken a stand locally, but the overarching focus will be external. Identifying role models and spokespersons who are working to bring the message of peace to others.

I guess my name has pre-ordained this calling. It has not always been the easiest name to live up to. But here I am today, taking a stand for Peace.

In the coming weeks I will start by celebrating the official Ambassadors of Peace as designated by the United Nations.  From there only time will tell where this new venture will lead.

-Henry Peacemaker